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When you enter the whole español working you will learn about them because family is the most important thing.
Spaniards spend as much time as possible with family members and relatives, making meals together, enjoying their company.
When a person has problems or issues of any kind, family is first to talk to and ask for help and advice, financial, moral or just to be there as a support.
Therefore, naturally, as a Spanish student, you need to know the words and phrases related to family and relatives.
So, besides mastering some Spanish words that can spice up your conversations, you should put on your ‘to learn’ list these 68 commonly used family words in Spanish we will provide for you.
Moreover, at the end of this post, you can find the List of Family Words in Spanish in a PDF file to download and carry with you whenever you need to take a look or learn them in your spare time.
So now, let’s get started.
As we’ve mentioned, family is the most important thing and a key part of Spanish-speaking countries.
No wonder they often repeat the phrase “La familia es todo.” (Family is everything.)
And they are right. Who will support you and help you in the moment of need but family?
So, in the following lines, you will get the opportunity to expand your Spanish vocabulary with family words in Spanish.
In case you aren’t sure whether you’ve pronounced them correctly, Spanish tutors are available for any kind of help and support, just like the family.
Example: Me gustaria conocer a tus padres.- I would like to meet your parents.
Hermana menor- younger sister
Hermano mayor- older brother
Example: John es mi hermano.- John is my brother.
Mi esposa y yo tenemos una hija y dos hijos.- My wife and I have one daughter and two sons.
Example: Esto es mi abuelo y esta es mi abuelita.- This is my grandfather and this is my grandma.
Prima- cousin (female)
Primo- cousin (male)
Sobrina - niece
Sobrino - nephew
Today, it is common that people divorce and remarry.
Their new partners often already have kids, who are our siblings, that is, stepbrothers and sisters.
Our new family in Spanish looks like this:
Hermanastro- step brother
Hermanastra- step sister
Medio hermano- half brother
Media hermana- half-sister
No, we won’t talk about politics even though it seems at first sight.
‘La familia politica’ means family members in-law.
So, let’s learn la familia politica.
Example: Esta es mi esposa.- This is my wife.
Now that you know family words in Spanish, it is time to learn to use them properly as well as with other phrases.
When you want to describe your family in Spanish, you need to know three main things:
According to this, it’s pretty easy to describe your family members.
The word order is the following:
Subject+the verb ‘ser’+adjective
Subject refers to family words
The verb ‘ser’ has to be conjugated properly, which depends on the subject you use.
Adjectives are used singular or plural, which, again, depends on the subject and the verb.
As we’ve mentioned, describing your family isn’t so difficult. Besides knowing family words, which are subjects in the sentence, and an inevitable ver ‘ser.’
The verb ’ser’ (to be) is irregular and it looks like this.
Yo soy- I am 1. Nosotros/ nosotras somos- We are
Tu es- You are 2. Vosotros/ vosotras sois- You are
El/Ella/Usted es- He/She is 3. Ellos/ Ellas/ Ustedes son- they are
Possessive adjectives are essential if you want to talk about family.
They are ‘mi/mis’ (my), ‘tu/tus’ (your), ‘su/sus’ (his,her), ‘nuestro/ nuestros’ (our) and they have to agree on gender and number with the words you use as a subject.
If you, for example, want to say ‘my mother,’ you say ‘mi madre,’ but if you want to say ‘my sisters’ you say ‘mis hermanas.’
Example: Mi mamá es enfermera. -My mum is a nurse.
Mi familia es grande. - My family is big.
Casarse- to marry
Divorciarse- to divorce
Separarse- to separate
Tener un hijo- to have a child
Adoptar un nino- To adopt a child
Ilevarse bien (con…)- to have a good relationship (with…)
Ilevarse mal (con…)- to have a bad relationship (with…)
Conocer a la familia- o meet the family
El árbol genealógico- family tree
El recién nacido- newborn
El primogénito- first-born/ eldest
El hijo único- Only child
El aniversario de bodas- wedding aniversary
La fecha de nacimiento- date of birth
El cumpleaños- birthday
Los antepasados- ancestors
El testamento- will, testament
El heredero- heir
Los mellizos- twins
Los gemelos- identical twins
Los trillizos- triplets
Now that you are informed about all the details that concern family words and phrases, are you ready to ‘Conocer a la familia?’
If you are nervous a bit, you can first practice with your Spanish tutor and talk about your family.
That way, not only will you remember these words better but you will certainly learn even more of them and how to use them, so your vocabulary will be on an impressive point.
La familia - family, madre - mum, padre - dad, familia extendida - extended family
When you want to describe your family in Spanish, you need to know three main things: Family words The verb ‘ser’ Adjectives According to this, it’s pretty easy to describe your family members. The word order is the following: Subject+the verb ‘ser’+adjective Subject refers to family words The verb ‘ser’ has to be conjugated properly, which depends on the subject you use. Adjectives are used singular or plural, which, again, depends on the subject and the verb.
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