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They say that home is where the heart is and that is true in the French-speaking areas of the world.
One good indication of the value that the French put in their homes is the rich variety of French house vocabulary that is commonly used in everyday conversation.
Whether you’re just visiting a French-speaking area or intend to stay for a while, it’s important to learn a few words that you can use when talking about houses and homes in French.
Listed below are a few French house vocabulary words that you should learn.
Before we go into the specifics of French house vocabulary, we should touch on how to say “house” in French.
The basic word for “house” in French is “la maison”. Take note that it is a feminine word so take that into account when using it in a sentence.
If you want to talk about your “home” in French, however, it’s usually denoted by the phrase “chez moi”. You modify the pronoun “moi” to match the subject when using it in a sentence.
Some French-speakers, especially in the big metropolises like Paris, will call an apartment “chez moi”. In general, you refer to an apartment in French as “l’appartement”. They might also buy or rent a condominium which, in French, is “l copropriété”.
While the house that a French speaker calls “chez moi” may be small or large, single-storied or multi-storied, most will have a few “parts” in common.
A French house will, of course, have a roof, walls, and floors, but it might also have the following.
1. L’allée – the driveway or pathway
2. L’entrée – the entrance or foyer
3. La porte – the door
4. La porte d’entrée – the front door
5. La sonnette – the doorbell
6. Le mur – wall
7. Le papier peint – the wallpaper
8. L étage – the floor
9. Le plancher – hardwood floor
10. Le carrelage – tile floor
11. Le couloir – the corridor or hall
12. Le tapis – carpet
13. Les escaliers – the staircase or stairway
14. Le plafond – the ceiling
15. La fenêtre – the window
16. Le rideau -curtain
17. La pièce – the room
18. La cheminée – the fireplace
19. Le balcon – the balcony
20. Le toit – the roof
21. Le Jardin – the garden
22. La cour – the courtyard
23. Le pelouse – the lawn
24. Le garage – the garage
25. La porte moustiquaire – the screen door
26. Le portail – the gate
27. La terrasse – the terrace
The general French word for “room”, is “la pièce”. Many French homes will have a few rooms designated for specific activities. These rooms will be named after the activity, like the dining room or the bedroom.
Here are a few French words for the rooms that might commonly be found in a French home.
1. Le la salle de séjour – the family room
2. Le salon – the living room
3. Le salle de séjour – the living room
4. Le bureau – the office
5. La chambre – the bedroom
6. La salle à manger – the dining room
7. La cuisine – the kitchen
8. La salle de bains – the bathroom
9. L’atleir – the workshop
10. La buanderie – linen/laundry room
11. Le sous-sol – the basement
12. Le grenier – the attic
13. La cave – the cellar
One of the most common rooms in a French house, a room that every French home will have is the “la cusine” or kitchen. This cozy room is where family and friends can gather together to prepare tasty meals, which is an important part of French culture.
Here are a few things that you might find in a French kitchen. These are common appliances and features that are used in food preparation.
1. Le frigo – the refrigerator
2. Le congélateur – the freezer
3. L’évier – the sink
4. La cuisinière à gaz – the electric stove
5. Le four – the oven
6. Le microndes – the microwave
7. Le lave-vaisselle – the dishwasher
8. La vaisselle – the dishes
9. Le grille-pain – the toaster
10. Le mixeur – the mixer
11. La cafetière – the coffee maker
12. L’évier – the kitchen sink
13. Le garde-manger – the pantry
14. Le placard – kitchen cabinets or cupboards
15. Le plan de travail - countertop
16. La batterie de cusine – pots and pans
The dining room or the “la salle à manger” is another commonly used room in a French home. It is the room that is used for dining. French-speakers love to enjoy a meal together and, in the dining room, they will gather not just to eat but also talk and laugh for hours.
Here are a few common pieces of furniture and a few other things that you are likely to find in the “la salle à manger”
1. La table – the table
2. La chaise -the chair
3. La nappe de table – tablecloth
4. Le napperon – the placemat
5. L’assiette – the plate
6. La serviette -the napkin
7. Le couteau – knife
8. La cuiller -spoon
9. La fourchette - fork
10. Le verre – the glass
11. La tasse – the cup
23. La vitrine – dish cabinet
The living room is the modern equivalent of the “parlor”, a special room – oftentimes lavishly furnished – that is mean to entertain special guests.
Here are some of the furnishings you might find in “le salon”.
1. Le divan – the couch
2. Le canapé – the couch
3. La causeuse – the loveseat
4. Le bout de canapé – the end table
5. Le lampe – the lamp
6. La table -basse – the coffee table
7. Le fauteuil – the armchair
8. L’étagère – the shelf
9. Les bibelots – knick-knacks
10. Le tableau – framed painting
The family room, in modern parlance, is a room for the family to gather and entertain themselves. In some homes, the family room and the living room are one and the same, but some homes keep them separate.
The features that make the family room distinct from the living room are usually the devices in them. For example, if a room has a TV set and a couch set, it can be considered both a living room and a family room. If, however, there are no TV or stereo systems in a living room, it’s not usually considered a family room.
Here are a few things that you might find in a family room.
1. Le fauteuil relax – the recliner
2. Le téléviseur – the TV set
3. Le lecteur de DVD — the DVD player
4. La magnétoscope numérique – the DVR
5. La console de jeux video – the gaming console
6. La stereo – the stereo
7. La chaîne stereo – the stereo system
8. Le haut-parleaur – the stereo speaker
9. La télécommande – the remote control
Most French homes will have one or two bedrooms. A bedroom is a private space where a person sleeps and often keeps their clothing and other valuable or sentimental possessions.
Here are the common features of a bedroom.
1. Le lit – the bed
2. Le matelas – the mattress
3. L’oreiller - pillow
4. Le dessus-de-lit – the bedspread
5. Le drap-housse – fitted sheet
6. Le drap normal – flat sheet
7. La couverte – blanket
8. l’édredon - quilt
9. La table de chevet – the nightstand
10. La lampe de chevet – the bedside lamp
11. Le réveil – the alarm clock
12. La coiffeuse – the dresser
13. La commode – chest of drawers
14. La penderie – the closet
15. La garde-robe – the wardrobe
The bathroom is another common room that every French house or apartment will have. This is a room where the residents can take care of necessary bodily functions as well as go through their routines to maintain proper hygiene.
Here are a few features that almost any bathroom will have.
1. Le lavabo – the sink
2. Un Robinet – a faucet
3. Les toilettes – the toilet
4. La douche – the shower
5. La baignoire – the bathtub
6. Un tapis de bain – a bath mat
7. Le bidet – the bidet
8. l'égout – the drain
9. Le miroir – a mirror
10. Un porte-avon – a soap tray
11. Un porte-serviettes – A towel rack
Some people might have a home office in their home, this is referred to in French as the “le bureau”. Below are a few things that might feature in a home office.
1. Le bureau – desk
2. Chaise de bureau – desk chair
3. Le telephone – the telephone
4. La bibliothèque – the bookshelf
5. Le bureau – the desk
6. L’ordinateur – the computer
7. Le classeur – the filing cabinet
Some homes in French-speaking areas might have a laundry room. If they do, these are the likely things that you will find in there.
1. Le lave-linge – the washer
2. La machine à laver – the washing machine
3. La sécheuse – dryer
4. Le sèche-linge – the dryer
5. Le panier à linge – clothes basket
6. Le cintre – clothes hanger
When trying to learn French, it is important to build up your mental database of French vocabulary words. You need to know common French words to be able to formulate proper sentences that will allow you to communicate with native French speakers.
One of the best ways to build up your mental database of French words is to memorize lists of French vocabulary words. To make it interesting and easier on you, look for lists of French words grouped according to common topics, like this list of French house vocabulary or these other lists we’ve compiled: French Clothing Vocabulary and French Fruits.
If you really want to learn these words properly, however, including how to pronounce them correctly, we suggest that you take this list on your next session with your native French-speaking online language tutor. They can not only help you learn these words, but they might have more words that they can teach you.
1. L’allée – the driveway or pathway 2. L’entrée – the entrance or foyer 3. La porte – the door 4. La porte d’entrée – the front door 5. La sonnette – the doorbell 6. Le mur – wall 7. Le papier peint – the wallpaper 8. L étage – the floor 9. Le plancher – hardwood floor 10. Le carrelage – tile floor 11. Le sous-sol – the basement 12. Le grenier – the attic 13. La cave – the cellar
1. Le frigo – the refrigerator 2. Le congélateur – the freezer 3. L’évier – the sink 4. La cuisinière à gaz – the electric stove 5. Le four – the oven 6. Le microndes – the microwave 7. Le lave-vaisselle – the dishwasher 8. La vaisselle – the dishes 9. Le grille-pain – the toaster 10. Le mixeur – the mixer
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